# “When Can We Get Ice Cream?”: An Engaging Math Activity for Grades 4-6

Welcome back to our math teacher’s blog! Today, we have a unique, engaging math activity that will sweeten up your mathematics teaching – “When Can We Get Ice Cream?” We aim to inspire a love for numbers among students by interweaving an intriguing story into a fun mathematical activity that sharpens their division skills. This activity is appropriate for grades 4-6 and reinforces the concept of divisibility and prime numbers. So, without further ado, let’s dive into the frosty world of math with some sprinkles of fun!

## Context and Set Up

To begin with, let’s set the scene. The activity is centered around a sweet-loving little boy who longs for an ice cream cone. The twist is, his mother has decided they can go to the ice cream parlor only on certain days of the month. Which days, you ask? Well, they can go on any day of the month that is NOT divisible by ANY of the numbers 2-10.

As a teacher, your job is to bring this story to life in your classroom. Divide your students into groups of four, fostering teamwork and collaborative learning. Provide each group with a paper calendar that they can mark up. You may choose to use an actual calendar or a printable template. The month for this particular activity is July, but feel free to adapt it to suit your needs.

## Game Play Instructions

Once the students have their calendars and understand the story, it’s time for them to figure out when the little boy can indulge his ice cream cravings. They need to go through the calendar, identifying which days the mother would take her son out for ice cream. In this scenario, the days of July that are NOT divisible by any of the numbers 2-10 are:

1, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, and 31

Have the students mark these dates. This process will help them develop a concrete understanding of the concept of divisibility, challenging them to think critically and improve their number sense.

## Extra Challenge: Ice Cream and Prime Numbers

After the students have completed the main activity, you can add an additional challenge to deepen their understanding and ignite their curiosity. This part of the activity will involve prime numbers. If you have already covered prime numbers in your class, ask the students to list the prime numbers from 1-31. Following this, they should compare the list of days the little boy can get his ice cream to their prime number list.

The list of prime numbers from 1-31 is: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, and 31

Interesting, isn’t it? Except for the number 1, the number of ice cream days corresponds to the list of prime numbers. This moment is an excellent opportunity to refresh the definition of prime numbers and discuss why 1 is not considered a prime number.

## Accommodations and Modifications

It’s essential to remember that every classroom is a diverse mix of learners. To ensure that all students have access to the learning and the opportunity to succeed, here are some accommodations and modifications:

Scaffolding: For students who find the activity challenging, provide them with a list of multiples for each number from 2 to 10. This scaffold will assist them in deciding which dates are divisible by these numbers.

Extension: For advanced learners, challenge them to create their own ice cream scenarios with different criteria. For example, they can only go on dates that are divisible by their age or on dates that are perfect squares.

Visual Support: For visual learners, you can create an interactive digital calendar where students can easily color-code the dates based on the divisibility criteria.

Kinesthetic Learning: Allow kinesthetic learners to use manipulatives, such as counters or cubes, to physically represent the dates and the division process.

Pair Work: For students who need more support, pair them with peers who can guide them through the activity.

## Making Mathematics Fun

This activity, “When Can We Get Ice Cream?” serves as a refreshing teaching resource to infuse some fun into your mathematics instruction. It cultivates skills in divisibility, primes, teamwork, and critical thinking. But more importantly, it demonstrates to students that math can be engaging, contextual, and yes, even delicious!

Remember, we need to create an environment where students are not only learning math concepts but also applying them in a meaningful way. And what’s more meaningful than helping a little boy figure out when he can have his ice cream? Happy teaching!

### CCSS Standards

The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) aligned with this activity include:

1. CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.4.OA.B.4 : Find all factor pairs for a whole number in the range 1–100. Recognize that a whole number is a multiple of each of its factors.
2. CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.6.NS.B.4 : Find the greatest common factor of two whole numbers less than or equal to 100 and the least common multiple of two whole numbers less than or equal to 12.

For any future mathematics teaching resources, classroom activities, or teaching strategies, remember to bookmark this blog and stay tuned for our next post. Enjoy your mathematical journey, and remember, ice cream makes everything better – even math!

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